Middle School

Overview

HBCA middle school consists of sixth, seventh, and eighth grade. This time is a very important stage of the students’ lives —academically, spiritually, socially and emotionally.

Academically, our students prepare to enter their high school years. Spiritually, they grow in their knowledge of Christ. Socially and emotionally, they are developing as young adults.

As a leading middle school in Orangevale, we understand the unique needs of adolescents during this critical stage of development. Our experienced and dedicated educators are passionate about fostering a positive and inclusive learning environment where students feel supported and encouraged to reach their full potential.

Academic excellence is a cornerstone of our middle school’s mission. Our rigorous curriculum is designed to challenge and engage students, promoting critical thinking, problem-solving, and independent learning. Through personalized instruction and small class sizes, we ensure that every student receives the attention they need to succeed.

The schedule becomes busier, the academics —more rigorous, and real life begins… We are here to support your student in every possible way.

middle school in orangevale

English Language Arts

HBCA’s middle school English Language Arts uses Memoria Press curriculum to introduce students to a more analytical study of the English language through an emphasis on classical literature poetry and writing.

Literature & poetry

Literature and poetry are central subjects in a classical education. Literature and poetry are the chief ways that we pass on the ideals and values of traditional Western Christian culture. Not only will our students’ affections be trained to love the good (and hate the bad) through characters they encounter in great literature, but they will get a glimpse into the wonder of reality that only good poetry can reveal to us. Our literature and poetry program brings you a choice selection of the best books by the best authors.

6th Grade:  Adam of the Road, Robin Hood, and King Arthur

7th Grade: Anne of Green Gables, The Hobbit, and The Trojan Horse.

8th Grade:Treasure Island, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and As You Like It

Grammar and Composition

Memoria Press’ composition program, Classical Composition, is based on the original classical method of teaching writing called the “progymnasmata.” This method involved learning a set of skills, organized from the simplest and most basic to the most complex and sophisticated. This writing program prepares our students to critically analyze literature and effectively relay their thoughts in writing. In addition, our English Grammar Recitation program will solidify the grammar your child has learned in Latin through memorizing and reciting the essential grammatical and usage rules in English.

6th Grade: Classical Composition II- Narrative 

  • In the Classical Composition II: Narrative, students continue to build invention skills as well as the ability to engage the imagination of an audience. They master the structures of thought that originate narratives and learn to create recognition by using figures of description. They develop the ability to communicate the same idea using a variety of words, sentence structures, and various perspectives.

7th Grade: Classical Composition III- Chreia & Maxim

  • In this stage of the Classical Composition program, Chreia & Maxim, students gain the ability to create a story through the use of the narrative categories and variation through paraphrase. Students deal more explicitly and thoroughly with what in modern composition theory are referred to as “support points.” The ability to invent four specific types of narrative through these “heads of development” and to paraphrase in two specific ways are the foundational skills to be learned in this stage.

8th Grade: Classical Composition IV-Refutation & Confirmation

  • In Refutation and Confirmation there are two sets of exercises which would correspond to an argumentative essay in modern composition theory. The students are learning how to structure their thoughts, and thus their communication process, when given the task of arguing for or against an idea, thought, chain of events, method, or story. The categories of development (or paragraphs) that make up these essays are essential elements in the rhetorical process that must become second nature in the mental processes of our students.

Mathematics

HBCA uses Big Ideas Learning curriculum to challenge students in their mathematical knowledge and provide a direct correlation between mathematical theories and the world around us. Big Ideas Learning believes in the highest-impact teaching strategies to empower teachers inside the classroom, so we can inspire students beyond the classroom. With a singular focus in mathematics, this curriculum is uniquely qualified and committed to supporting our students at every step along their mathematics journey. 

MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS

The Big Ideas Math provides students with learning targets and success criteria at the chapter and lesson level to make learning visible.  Diverse opportunities to develop problem-solving and communication skills through deductive reasoning and exploration are also prominent throughout the text. Students gain a deeper understanding of math concepts by narrowing their focus to fewer topics at each grade level. Students master content through inductive reasoning opportunities, engaging activities that provide deeper understanding, concise, stepped-out examples, rich, thought-provoking exercises, and building connections to previous skills for coherence.

6th Grade: Modeling Real Life Advanced math books cover some of the following concepts:

  • Algebraic expressions
  • Ratios, rate & percentages
  • Area, surface area and volume
  • Number lines and coordinate planes
  • Rational numbers

7th Grade: Modeling Real Life Advanced math books cover some of the following concepts:

  • Linear Equations and Functions
  • Geometric Shapes and Angles
  • Graphing equations
  • Data Analysis and Displays
  • Scientific Notation
  •  Inequalities
  •  Probabilities
  • Statistics

8th Grade: Modeling Real Life Algebra I math books cover some of the following concepts:

  • Linear Equations
  • Linear Functions
  • Polynomial Equations and Factoring
  • Graphing Quadratic Functions
  • Radical Functions and Equations

Additional Support

HBCA provides middle school students with a variety of programs and activities to help students solidify the math skills and concepts they learn throughout the year. Some of these programs are online resources provide by Big Ideas Math. Some of these resources are the online textbook, additional printable practice pages, and extra study guides. Our math teachers also utilize programs like IXL and DeltaMath to help students have extra practice problems. These resources allow students to work at their own pace both in school and at home.

History

Our history classes strive to shape our students’ understanding of the present through a deep exploration of the past using the Bob Jones University Press curriculum. BJU Press shapes the study of history according to the lens of Scripture to motivate students to learn more about their world and be rooted in a biblical worldview. The curriculum encourages students to engage with academic content on a higher level rather than just recall information without purpose. Every grade level explores various time periods and geographic regions to develop a more complete understanding of the country we live in and the world beyond.

6th Grade: Heritage Studies: Ancient Civilizations

  • Heritage Studies 6: Ancient Civilizations provides students with information about ancient civilizations in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. The book describes how people fulfill the Creation Mandate by working and building civilizations with in the themes of Creation, the Fall, and Redemption. Students will learn about key people from ancient civilizations by reading biography boxes. Each chapter provides a hands-on activity that connects students to ancient times.
  • To aid student evaluation of historical events, this textbook traces the themes of justice, citizenship, power and environment within each civilizations. These themes can unfold in biblical and unbiblical ways. Exploring the ways different civilizations manifest these themes provides natural opportunities for students to evaluate differing worldviews.

7th Grade: World Studies

  • The World Studies textbook provides an overview of world history during the past one thousand years. Each chapter focuses on the history of a different region of the world. The text begins with an explanation of how and why to study history, gives a short review of ancient history, and ends with the COVID-19 pandemic and the challenges to Christianity in the twenty-first century. Along the way, students will practice and apply map-readking skills, ovserve and discuss cultural developements and use a variety of social studies skills to become student historians. Engaging with world history thoughtfully will enable students to use the events of the past to make wise decisions for the future.
  • History is not merely a sequence of events over time, but rather a proving ground for huma nature. The wise and foolish actions of history powerfully illustrate the veracity of God’s Word. These examples offer a vein of wisdom that can be mined through the five themes of World Studies: justice, power, citizenship, religion and environment. Throughout the course, students will explain, evaluate, formulate, and apply these themes to gain wisdom for public life.

8th Grade: American Republic

  • American Republic textbook provides an overview of the founding, development and growth of the United States as a nation. The journey begins with Native American cultures and the first contacts with European travelers and ends with the inauguration of President Biden. Along the way, students will practice and apply map reading skills, ovserve and discuss cultural developments, and use a variety of social studies skills to become student historians. Engaging thoughtfully with American history will enable students to use the events of the past to make wise decisions for the future.
  • American histroy is more than the study of what Americans have done in the past. It is also the study of what Americans have valued-freedom, individualism, equality and growth. Each of these American core values can be understood and pursued in biblical and unbiblical ways. Understanding justice, as God defines it in His Word, is thus important for studying American history. Becuase humans are sinners, students will find episodes in American history that should be critiqued according to God’s Word, but they will also find much for which gratitude to God is the only proper response. This is due in large part to the influence of Christianity on the United States.

Science

Our science classes utilize Bob Jones University Press to learn about the world our God created. BJU Press’s science curriculum equips students to ethically engage in the work of science through this lab-based program. Students extend knowledge and skills through strategic modeling and practice, case studies, the evaluation of scientific models, and ethics activities. Webquests, spreadsheet activities, and probeware technology build 21st century skills and relate them to the work of science. Students have opportunities to collect and analyze data and to create and evaluate their own models through guided discovery labs, inquiry labs, and collaborative STEM experiences.

6th Grade: Science 6

  • 6th Grade: Science 6 textbook increases student appreciation of God’s wonderful creation through a study of various concepts about earth science, life science, physical science, and the human body. Students learn about new and current technology being developed that utilizes and benefits from science. Students will explore earthquakes and volcanoes, weathering and erosion, natural resources, and astronomy while learning about the earth and space. Life science topics include cells and classification systems as well as reproduction and genetics. While studying physical science, students will investigate atoms and molecules, electricity and magnetism, and motion and machines. The class will discover the wonders of the human body as you study the nervous and immune systems. Students will enrich their critical thinking skills through the hands-on activities and the use of diagrams, charts, and visuals.

7th Grade: Life Science

  • 7th Grade: Life Science textbook displays an engaging design sure to grab student attention from the very first day. This textbook takes the student from cells to plants and animals and finally to the pinnacle of God’s creation: humans. Students will study cell biology, genetics, the history of life, microbiology, botany, zoology, ecology, and human anatomy and physiology. All of this is a quest to understand the life that God has created. This text is filled with case studies, webquests, lab activities, ethics boxes, and questions which help students think like scientists and view life science from a biblical perspective.
  • Each chapter of Life Science includes well-researched material written at grade level, colorful images to reinforce text content, boxes with fun facts and helpful explanations, a list of key terms, a chapter summary, thought-provoking review questions, and extra questions to prepare students for standardized tests. 

8th Grade: Earth Science

  • 8th Grade: Earth Science textbook is an expansive study that moves from the Earth’s lithosphere to the rest of the universe. Students will study major theories in earth science, guided by biblical and scientific principles. Ultimately, this course leads to a better understanding of our Creator and a greater appreciation of His creation. The process of teaching encourages students to think like scientists who are eager to learn and discover. By equipping students to be conscious of earth science issues, they will be able to discover new ways to exercise dominion through science.
  • This textbook moves the student from the lithosphere of the earth itself to the hydrosphere in and on the earth to the atmosphere surrounding the earth and finally out into space visiting the solar system and the rest of the universe. Case studies and other activities encourage students to think like scientists as they develop a biblical perspective of earth and space.

Electives

Art

HBCA middle school students have an opportunity to express their creativity through a project-based art class. Students will develop a deeper knowledge of specific art forms and will get to work with various mediums. 

Spanish

Students have an opportunity to study Spanish and learn about the Spanish culture.

Business and Leadership

Middle school students have an opportunity to learn about business, what it takes to make and run a business. This class provides students with practical skills necessary to run a business. Furthermore, students get finness their leadership skills to make them successful businessmen and businesswomen in the future.

STEM

HBCA offers a project-based class where students get to explore science, technology, engineering and mathematics in a practical way. This class provides students with an opportunity to integrate these vital subjects and use their knowledge to produce various creations.